Copyright 1994 - 2013, ECOsmarte Planet Friendly, Inc.
The contaminants or other substances removed or
reduced by ECOsmarte's
ECOsmarte® is attempting to patent a group of water treatment technologies using the appropriate combinations of electronic oxidation, copper ionization and specific world class filtration technologies developed by industry leaders.
Electronic Soft Oxidation (Zero Ozone):
Each ECOsmarte® oxidizer is more powerful than
conventional sodium hypochlorite (bleach), the dominant form of chlorine
(12% concentrated sodium hypochlorite or chlorine dioxide would be stronger).
The titanium shows no evidence of corrosion, wear or noble metal coating
breakdown on installations dating to 1993, and ECOsmarte®
includes the titanium electrode pair in the 5 year warranty on the product.
Polarity is reversed alternating cathode and anode, allowing for self-cleaning
of all ECOsmarte® electrodes.
The electrodes further oxidize and change the chemical form of sulfides in well water. Specific removal under wide parameters has occurred with hydrogen sulfide, sulpher bacteria and magnesium sulphate. No chemical regeneration of the filter media is required, and it rinses or backwashes with the source water.
Tension Lowered - "Wetter Water":
Surface tension is measured in DYNES with the use of a tensiometer. Untreated water will typically have a surface tension of 72 dynes. The use of wetting agents and surfactants can lower this to between 50 dynes and 60 dynes. Adding ECOsmarte® cells to the install, as well as recirculating tanks can achieve similar results.
Moisture Levels Rise:
"Wetter water" also develops a more random splash pattern which slows mineral build ups in the soil. (The water droplets are less spherical as surface tension lowers.4)Higher soil moisture levels yield better results with less water used. Site tours available by appointment in Texas and Minnesota.
and Swimming Pools:
provides the benefits, without the environmental health costs associated
ECOsmarte® Anodyne process produces a more powerful and effective non-chemical method of water treatment than ozone. It should be noted that cryptolevels from municipal sources can be at such high levels that ECOsmarte® system should be configured as the pretreatment for a Reverse Osmosis system. ECOsmarte® generates more oxygen radicals in one minute (20gr to 80gr) than most ozonators can generate in one hour (1/3 gram to 50 grams). ECOsmarte® Anodyne process is a proprietary water treatment technology that provides much greater oxidation potential than ozone, while operating on low DC voltage and amerage.
Anodyne Oxygen Process (Tiny Bubble Soft Oxidation):
of the Anodyne Process When Chlorine is Present (Regulated Commercial Swimming Pool
The real benefit in these chemical residual waters, the oxidizers with the anodyne process do not promote the formation of halogenated by-products, organic or inorganic contaminants (including halomines.) In addition, the detrimental effects of halo genations can be diminished or eliminated entirely by the Anodyne process. Chemical expenses (exclusive of finishing, sand blasting, draining due to solid rise or cyanic toxicity) fall 50 to 80% when ECOsmarte® oxygen/copper systems are used with sodium hypochlorite in regulated water.
Additional benefits are: Reduced odors, reduced skin and eye irritation and eliminating the use of anti-chlorine shampoos. The pretreated water is blue not green and possesses remarkable clarity. Only the waters are treated and disinfected, not the swimmer. When properly used, the anodyne process reduces or eliminates the bathtub ring or swimming pool water line and produces other aesthetic benefits. The bottom line is the anodyne process will lower chemical costs due to lowering the amount of chlorine or halogens which must be added to obtain the required residual. In turn, this will lower the amount of chemicals which must be added to maintain the pH and water balance. ECOsmarte has 20,000 application experiences and estimates chemical reduction of 50-90%, depending on pool housekeeping, local climate, and application. Carbon dioxide is strongly recommended for commercial sites, as is glass media filtration.
Structure of Water:
Each oxygen atom now shares 4 electrons with the other atom.
Arrangement of equilibrium positions of the positive and negative charges in water an ionized molecule.
of Water (Hydrolisis of the Water):
(Generated/Liberated by Electrolysis):
Ionized atoms can be negatively or positively charged.
An ionized atom may have one or more positive or negative electrical charges. This happens when an atom gains or loses one or more electrons, thus changing the electrical balance between the protons and the electrons.
in the Body:
Everything in water and in living organisms function by electrochemical reactions. Muscles react to electro-chemical stimulation.
Most chemicals, minerals, and metals dissolved in water are electrically charged in an ionic form.
As an example, a sodium ion is positively charged and a chlorine ion is negatively charged. When combined, they become table salt, with a balanced electrical charge. When salt is dissolved in distilled water the sodium becomes a positive ion and the chloride becomes a negative ion and the water becomes conductive. The symbol for chlorine is Cl, and the symbol for a chlorine ion is Cl-.
1. Common ions in natural water The chemical symbol for an ion includes
a plus or minus sign to indicate the unbalanced charge. Cations Anions
calcium Ca++ bicarbonates HCO³- magnesium Mg2+ chloride Cl- sodium Na+ sulfate
SO4- - iron Fe++ nitrate NO³- manganese Mn++ carbonate CO³- copper
Cu++ phosphate PO4-
Ionization Potential: Is the energy required to remove an electron from an atom. Ionization potential is expressed in Volts.
Force Series: An arrangement of elements in order of their decreasing
potential for ionization.
was introduced by Linus Pauling in 1932 and is described by him as "the
strength at which an electron is held by an atom in a bond," or further
defined as: the tendency of an atom to acquire a negative charge.
Electronegativity is: a measure of electrostatic force or ionic potential of an elements' effective nuclear charge on its surface. Metals are considered to be cations bonded together by a cement of mobile electrons.
Electronegativity differentiates the power of one element and its ability to displace or be displaced in an ionic solution by another element of equal positive or negative charge.
With proper grounding of plumbing systems, the above chart demonstrates why ECOsmarte® has no dissimilar metals issues on galvanized pipe applications.
RELATIVE ELECTRONEGATIVITIES OF SOME ELEMENTS(Relative Compactness Scale)
Affinity (Relevant with Galvanized Pipe):
E. COLI SITE HISTORIES
E. coli killed at 0.1 to 0.2 ppm has been observed at pH ranges 6.5 to 8.0 over twelve years on multiple sites confirmed by Watercheck National Testing Labs (Ypsilanti, MI), Spectrum Labs (Minneapolis, MN), MN Department of Health. Additional E. coli after testing has been done by municipal public health inspectors in many states and customers at dozens of sites. The copper ionization residual in the plumbing line is stable to the point of use fixture and is the prudent and proven solution for both Coliform and E. coli applications. Ionization was developed by NASA in the 1960's to combat moon microbes. (Simple millipore kits can be used on these sites.)
MICROBE AND OTHER SITE HISTORIES
Disagreeable tastes and odors, may be produced either from living microorganisms or their decomposition. Discoloration and staining may be caused by microorganisms, primarily molds and slimes. These growths are difficult to control and exceedingly troublesome as reinfection often occurs. These growths need not be in the source water and may be seeded from the air or other sources. Well water containing iron manganese or sulfur, frequently, have associated bacteria which cause extremely troublesome and clogging growths. Sulfur waters frequently have thread-like growths, which appear on aerators and watering trays. These waters contain elemental sulfur often in colloidal form. This sulfur may be due to the oxidation of the hydrogen sulfide and action by sulfate reducing bacteria, which reduce sulfates to sulfides, and are often responsible for the production of black water.
Destruction, or Prevention of Microorganisms Treatment with Ionization and copper Ions produce kill rates for the following microorganisms at the following dosages in concentrations measured in parts per million. No scientific evidence exists that micro organisms are developing immunity to copper ions as has been well documented with various forms of chlorines. The National Institute of Health (NIH) and the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) have recently documented copper toxicity for cryptosporidium.